Said to be the agency’s seventh earth explorer mission, the Biomass satellite programme completed preparatory activities, and is scheduled for launch in 2020.
The programme aims to evaluate distribution of above-ground biomass, and measure annual changes in tropical forests.
During the mission, the satellite will measure the amount of biomass and forest height at a resolution of 200m, and forest disturbances at a resolution of 50m. It will allow exploring earth’s surface at the P-band radar frequency from space.
“The Biomass satellite programme completed preparatory activities, and is scheduled for launch in 2020.”
Data collected from the programme will play a key role for sustainable forest management and understanding the climate of the earth, and the role of forests in earth’s carbon cycle and climate change, the ESA said.
The data will also facilitate monitoring the ionosphere, glaciers and ice sheets, as well as used for mapping subsurface geology in deserts and surface topography below dense vegetation.
The Biomass was selected by the ESA’s Earth Observation programme in October 2013 as the earth explorer mission, to map and monitor the planet’s resources.
ESA Earth Observation programmes director Volker Liebig said: “Biomass is an innovative new addition to the Earth Explorer satellite series.”
ESA member states include Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.