The first one focuses on the winter hardening and frost damage of winter cereals in Europe, and the second one focuses on crop sowing conditions in northern Africa.
MARS crop monitoring in Europe bulletin reports that the hardening (frost tolerance) of winter cereals has improved substantially in central Europe and the Black Sea region due to the colder-than-usual weather conditions in January. Winter cereals in southern and western Europe are generally not hardened.
Frost damages have been relatively minor so far, and, on the basis of the latest weather forecast, no further frost-kill damages are expected between now and the end of January.
The MARS crop monitoring bulletin on northern Africa finds that sowing conditions were generally positive.
Morocco, western Algeria and Tunisia benefited from rains and mild temperatures since November, which favoured the establishment and current good development of winter cereals.