The Mediterranean basin’s coast are shared between 21 countries, with a coastline of 46 000 km. It is also home to around 480 million people living across three continents (Africa, Asia and Europe) and one of the world’s busiest shipping routes with about one-third of the world’s total merchant shipping sailing its seas each year. Although shipping is, statistically, the least environmentally damaging mode of transport, its environmental impact includes greenhouse gas emissions, sound, and oil pollution.
In 1976 the United Nations established the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC) to contribute to preventing and reducing pollution from ships and combating spills in case of emergency.
Since 2009, in the framework of the Mediterranean Assistance Unit (MAU), this emergency response centre has been assisted by the Mediterranean Operational Network for the Global Ocean Observing System (MONGOOS) for events related to both accidental and voluntary marine pollution from ships. MONGOOS uses Copernicus as one of its data sources. It is currently coordinating a multi-platform observation system (in situ and remote sensing), a Mediterranean basin scale ocean forecasting system and several high-resolution forecasting systems in the Mediterranean sub-basins and coastal zones.
In the event of a pollution incident (or potential risk), the Emergency Response Office (ERO) of MONGOOS provides, within one hour, information on the spill such as forecast of the drift of the oil and detection of areas of the coast more likely to be affected, in order to allow neighbouring countries to define a response strategy.
A recent example on which REMPEC activated the service occurred in March 2017 followed an armed attack in the major Libyan oil port of Es Sider and the neighbouring terminal of Ras Lanuf which created a potential risk of oil spill.