Romania has a long experience with geospatial information. The former Military Geographic Institute, now the Military Topographic Directorate (DTM), was established in 1859 and was the first of its kind in this part of Europe. Important investments in infrastructure and economy, starting between the two World Wars and continued in the post-war period, focused on the efficient use of spatial data. Standards for geographic information became more important and Romania was an active member in ISO/TC211 since its inception.
Since Romania started along the road to joining NATO and then preparing for admission to the European Union, which it achieved in 2007, many projects have involved the development of geospatial databases. Today, most GIS specialists are aware that problems of data heterogeneity, inconsistent standards and lack of a common spatial information repository can have the most serious consequences for the understanding of the spatial data content and hence for decision making. Information has to be accessible to all interested parties and closely integrated with other relevant sources of information. This article shows how Romania has addressed these challenges through a collaborative effort by both the public and private sectors when building its National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), which includes key geospatial datasets.